Study in China – Scholarship, Admission, Tuition Fees, and Cost of Living.
Study in China, Scholarship in China, Admission in China, Chinese scholarship, How to apply for Chinese education, www.cucas.cn , Chinese Admission, Chinese Universities, Cost of living in China …See more details below
ABOUT CHINA – Study in China
- The world’s largest national population, more than 1.3 billion people – 20% of the Earth’s entire population
- More than 90% of the population live in the eastern third of the country
- Full official name is the People’s Republic of China
- Capital city is Beijing, largest city is Shanghai
- Main language is Mandarin Chinese, which has more native speakers than any other language
- The world’s fastest growing and second largest economy, after overtaking Japan in 2011
- Fourth-largest country by area (after Russia, Canada and the US)
- The only country other than Russia and US to have launched a manned space flight; government has set target of establishing a space station by 2020
- Under Communist rule since 1949
- The world’s second-largest oil consumer, after the US
- Very diverse climate – from tropical in the south to subarctic in the northeast
- Chinese cities frequently appear in reports on the world’s most polluted places
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CHINESE EDUCATION – Study in China
Since 1986, compulsory education in China comprises primary and junior secondary school, which together last for nine years.In 2010, about 82.5 percent of students continued their education at a three-year senior secondary school. The Gaokao, China’s national university entrance exam, is a prerequisite for entrance into most higher education institutions. In 2010, 27 percent of secondary school graduates are enrolled in higher education. Vocational education is available to students at the secondary and tertiary level.
In February 2006, the government pledged to provide completely free nine-year education, including textbooks and fees. Annual education investment went from less than US$50 billion in 2003 to more than US$250 billion in 2011. However, there remains an inequality in education spending. In 2010, the annual education expenditure per secondary school student in Beijing totaled ¥20,023, while in Guizhou, one of the poorest provinces in China, only totaled ¥3,204. Free compulsory education in China consists of primary school and junior secondary school between the ages of 6 and 15. In 2011, around 81.4% of Chinese have received secondary education. By 2007, there were 396,567 primary schools, 94,116 secondary schools, and 2,236 higher education institutions in China.
As of 2010, 94% of the population over age 15 are literate, compared to only 20% in 1950. In 2009, Chinese students from Shanghai achieved the world’s best results in mathematics, science and literacy, as tested by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a worldwide evaluation of 15-year-old school pupils’ scholastic performance.
CHINESE ECONOMY – Study in China
As of 2013, China has the world’s second-largest economy in terms of nominal GDP, totalling approximately US$8.227 trillion according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). If purchasing power parity (PPP) is taken into account (US$12.405 trillion in 2012), China’s economy is again second only to the United States. In 2012, its PPP GDP per capita was US$9,161, while nominal GDP per capita was US$6,075. Both cases put China behind around ninety countries (out of 183 countries on the IMF list) in global GDP per capita rankings.
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Economic history and growth
From its founding in 1949 until late 1978, the People’s Republic of China was a Soviet-style centrally planned economy. Following Mao’s death in 1976 and the consequent end of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping and the new Chinese leadership began to reform the economy and move towards a more market-oriented mixed economy under one-party rule. Agricultural collectivization was dismantled and farmlands privatized, while foreign trade became a major new focus, leading to the creation of Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Inefficient state-owned enterprises (SOEs) were restructured and unprofitable ones were closed outright, resulting in massive job losses. Modern-day China is mainly characterized as having a market economy based on private property ownership, and is one of the leading examples of state capitalism. The state still dominates in strategic “pillar” sectors such as energy production and heavy industries, but private enterprise has expanded enormously, with around 30 million private businesses recorded in 2008.
Since economic liberalization began in 1978, China has been among the world’s fastest-growing economies, relying largely on investment- and export-led growth. According to the IMF, China’s annual average GDP growth between 2001 and 2010 was 10.5%. Between 2007 and 2011, China’s economic growth rate was equivalent to all of the G7 countries’ growth combined. According to the Global Growth Generators index announced by Citigroup in February 2011, China has a very high 3G growth rating. Its high productivity, low labor costs and relatively good infrastructure have made it a global leader in manufacturing. However, the Chinese economy is highly energy-intensive and inefficient; China became the world’s largest energy consumer in 2010, relies on coal to supply over 70% of its energy needs, and surpassed the US to become the world’s largest oil importer in September 2013. China’s economic growth and industrialization has damaged its environment. In the early 2010s, China’s economic growth rate began to slow amid domestic credit troubles, weakening international demand for Chinese exports, and global economic turmoil.
China in the global economy
China is a member of the WTO and is the world’s largest trading power, with a total international trade value of US$3.87 trillion in 2012. Its foreign exchange reserves reached US$2.85 trillion by the end of 2010, an increase of 18.7% over the previous year, making its reserves by far the world’s largest. As of 2009, China owns an estimated $1.6 trillion of US securities. China, holding over US$1.16 trillion in US Treasury bonds, is the largest foreign holder of US public debt.In 2012, China was the world’s largest recipient of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), attracting $253 billion. China also invests abroad, with a total outward FDI of $62.4 billion in 2012, and a number of major takeovers of foreign firms by Chinese companies. China’s undervalued exchange rate has caused friction with other major economies, and it has also been widely criticized for manufacturing large quantities of counterfeit goods.
China ranked 29th in the Global Competitiveness Index in 2009, although it is only ranked 136th among the 179 countries measured in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. In 2011, 61 Chinese companies were listed in the Fortune Global 500. Measured by total revenues, three of the world’s top ten most valuable companies in 2011 were Chinese, including fifth-ranked Sinopec Group, sixth-ranked China National Petroleum and seventh-ranked State Grid (the world’s largest electric utilities company)
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Cost of living in China – Study in China
General reflections Expect to pay at least 2,500-3,500 Yuan a month for a room in a shared apartment in Beijing or Shanghai (at least if you don’t want to live in the deep peripheries). In other cities the rent is much more economical but it depends on the individual case. SEE MORE BELOW.
|Taxi Fare (Minimum Fare, First 3 Km)||13.00 CNY|
|Taxi Fare (Fare per Km)||2.30 CNY|
|Taxi Fare (Night Fare per Km)||2.76 CNY|
|Subway Ticket (Minimum Fare)||3.00 CNY|
|Bus Ticket (Minimum Fare)||2.00 CNY|
|Train to the Airport||25.00 CNY|
|Bus to Airport (Minimum Fare)||15.00 CNY|
|Bike (Purchase)||324.55 CNY|
|Electric Motorbike (Purchase)||2,229.92 CNY|
Utilities (Monthly Cost) – Study in China
|Internet Home Connection (China Mobile, 20 Mb/s)||75.00 CNY|
|Smartphone Plan (China Mobile, 500 Mb)||58.00 CNY|
|Smartphone Price per Minute (China Mobile, 500 Mb Plan)||0.19 CNY|
|Electricity, Water, Gas, Heating (1 Person)||213.20 CNY|
|VPN Service (For a Yearly Subscription)||52.08 CNY|
Accommodation (Monthly Rent)
|Studio, City Center||6,700.00 CNY|
|Room in Shared Apartment, City Center||3,141.30 CNY|
|3 Rooms Apartment, City Center||12,513.04 CNY|
|Studio, Far from City Center||3,321.43 CNY|
|Room in Shared Apartment, Far from City Center||2,182.35 CNY|
|3 Rooms Apartment, Far from City Center||6,734.53 CNY|
Sport and Leisure
|Massage in a Luxury SPA||459.65 CNY|
|Massage in a Small SPA||164.92 CNY|
|Gym Monthly Fee||383.75 CNY|
|Cinema (International Release)||85.75 CNY|
Eating and Drinking Out
|Meal Inexpensive Restaurant||33.41 CNY|
|Meal Expensive Chinese Restaurant||162.60 CNY|
|Meal Expat Restaurant||174.26 CNY|
|Meal at McDonald||36.07 CNY|
|Domestic Beer in a “Student” Bar||12.74 CNY|
|Imported Beer in a Night Club / High End Venue||44.78 CNY|
|Cocktail in a Night Club / High End Venue||70.14 CNY|
|Cup of Coffee||27.41 CNY|
|Regular Milk (1 Liter)||15.89 CNY|
|White Rice (500 g)||7.89 CNY|
|Eggs (6)||11.94 CNY|
|Chicken Breasts (500 g)||13.86 CNY|
|Apples (500 g)||9.19 CNY|
|Oranges (500 g)||10.05 CNY|
|Tomatoes (500 g)||7.99 CNY|
|Potatoes (500 g)||5.01 CNY|
|Lettuce (1 Head)||3.81 CNY|
|Water (Bottle of 1.5 Liter)||4.47 CNY|
|Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)||85.47 CNY|
|Domestic Beer (Bottle of 0.66 Liter)||5.77 CNY|
|Imported Beer (Bottle of 0.33 Liter)||14.10 CNY|
|Jeans (Levi’s or similar)||401.39 CNY|
|Summer Dress (H&M or similar)||195.32 CNY|
|Sport Shoes (Nike or similar)||608.00 CNY|
|Leather Shoes||669.56 CNY|
|Haircut (Chinese Shop)||51.88 CNY|
|Haircut (International Shop)||222.31 CNY|
|Nanny / Cleaning Lady (Hourly Fee)||41.15 CNY|
Monthly Net Salaries
|Language Teacher||11,916.67 CNY|
|General Manager||25,090.91 CNY|
|Sales Manager||22,000.00 CNY|
|Pizza Maker||12,500.00 CNY|
Monthly costs (profiles)
In the table below we’ve listed expenses for three profiles that, even if they’re imaginary, reflect an accurate enough representation of three different lifestyles.
The first profile, which we have called “the Prude”, is the one that tries to save money in all possible ways: he has a room rented in a shared apartment far from the city center, uses only public transport, rarely frequents clubs, and instead of eating in restaurants cooks at home.
The second profile, which we’ve called the “Average expat”, is one who concedes a few “luxuries” without going to extremes. The average expat has a shared apartment in the center of the city, hits the clubs 2-3 times a week, every once in awhile (especially at night) takes a taxi and often eats out, even if he often settles for a cheap Chinese restaurant.
The third profile, the so-called “Party animal”, is someone who doesn’t care about expenses: he lives in a studio in the center of the city, without roommates to break his balls, gets around exclusively by taxi, goes out often, eats almost only in “expat” restaurants, indulges in two massages a week, etc.
|the Prude||the Average expat||the Party animal|
|Beijing||5,970 CNY||10,937 CNY||22,668 CNY|
|Guangzhou||5,621 CNY||10,814 CNY||24,570 CNY|
|Shanghai||6,431 CNY||12,312 CNY||27,450 CNY|
|Shenzhen||5,952 CNY||11,381 CNY||25,241 CNY|
Is it expensive to live in China?
According to the information on Expatistan.com, the cost of living in Shanghai is 5% lower than that of Rome, 6% higher than Madrid, 45% lower than London, 41% lower than New York, 26% lower than Los Angeles, 45% more expensive than Bangkok and 77% more expensive than Hanoi.
Note that the data considers only the costs, not salaries. Therefore, for example, if you live in New York and earn three times what you could earn in Shanghai, despite the higher prices your quality of life in New York would be higher.
The reasoning also works conversely: it’s useless to decide to live in Hanoi, in Vietnam, just because it’s cheaper, if they only pay you a third of what they would pay you in Shanghai.
Tuition fees in Chinese universities – Study in China
Tuition fees in public universities
The average tuition fees in public universities range between 3,300 and 10,000 USD/year.
- Fees for an English-taught degree are between 2,200 and 4,500 USD/year
- Programmes in medicine, engineering and business: between 24,000 and 50,000 USD/year
UK universities with a local campus in China:
- 12,000 USD/year for a Bachelor’s degree
- 13,500 USD/year for a Master’s degree.
Tuition fees in private universities
Apart from several private Chinese universities, you can also apply to many American and British universities with a local campus in a Chinese city. Tuition fees in these universities start from around 8,000 USD/year and can reach around 15,000 USD/year.
Most affordable Chinese universities
Check the list of Chinese universities with the most affordable tuition fees:
- Samara National Research University – average tuition fees 1,800 USD/year
- Nanjing University of Technology – average tuition fees 4,000 USD/year
- Beijing Jiaotong University – average tuition fees 5,000 USD/year
- University of Science & Technology of China – average tuition fees 4,350 USD/year
Tuition fees at top-ranked universities
Here is a list of average tuition fees at the top-ranked Chinese universities:
- Peking University – average tuition fees 17,000 USD/year
- Tsinghua University – average tuition fees 7,500 USD/year
- Fudan University – average tuition fees between 8,000 and 11,000 USD/year
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University – average tuition fees between 5,000 and 12,000 USD/year
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