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EXPO: WAEC Literature in English Questions and Answers 2021/2022


EXPO: WAEC Literature in English Questions and Answers 2021/2022 Expo Runs – Theory and Objective (OBJ).

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WAEC Literature in English Questions and Answers

The West African Examinations Council is an examination that is for all the west African country (Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Gambia).

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See Also: WAEC Literature in English Syllabus

WAEC Literature Expo 2021 On Thursday 16th September 2021



Yoko: She was a leader of the Mende people in Sierra Leone. Combining advantageous lineage, shrewd marriage choices and the power afforded her from the secret Sande Society, Yoko became a leader of considerable influence. She expanded the Mende. Kingdom and at the time of her death, she was the ruler of the vast Kpa Mende Confederacy. She changed her name to Yoko at her Sande initiation ceremony, during which time she became known for her graceful dancing. Yoko’s first marriage, which was unsuccessful, was to a man named gongioma leaving Gongoima, Yoko’s second husband was Gbenjei, Chief ofT mama Yoko reinajned childless, Gbenjei made her his great wife with prominent attention, giving her power within her household. Following Gbenjei’s death, Yoko married Gbanya Lango. In 1875, Gbanya was detained by Colonial Officials in Taiamawaro. Yoko went directly to Governor Roweto appeal for her husband’s release. Rowe was impressed with Yoko’s appeal and Gbanya was flogged, and then released. following this incident, Gbanya made Yoko his great wife and began sending her on diplomatic missions, With the Sande, Yoko was able to wield significant power not only amongst women but also over Mende society as a whole. As a leader in this women’s secret society, she made political alliances and took younger initiates as “wards” later marrying them into other aristocratic lineages in an imitation of the trajectory of her own rise to power, In1878, following her third husband’s death, Yoko became the chief of Senehun. By 1884, she was officially recogniscd as “Queen of Senehun”. This recognition came not only from her own people, but also from the British. She died in 1906, rumoured to have committed suicide. Lamboi her brother succeeded her because she had no descendants of her own.

Section B
Number 4

The main themes in The Lion and the Jewel are vanity, gender roles, and tradition versus progress.
Vanity: Vanity is Sidi’s downfall, as her belief in her own beauty and superiority causes her to underestimate Baroka, which allows him to take advantage of her.
Gender roles: Ilujinle is a patriarchal community, with Baroka proving his masculinity and power through sexual and physical conquests. When Sidi challenges Baroka’s masculinity, he punishes her and reestablishes the traditional gender hierarchy.
Tradition versus progress: Whereas Lakunle embraces the forces of modernization, characters like Baroka and Sadiku view modernization as a threat to traditional ways of life.



Jimmy Porter feels the sense of alienated from the Establishment, the upper-crust of British society, which has shut him out of the most lucrative jobs because of his class. He graduated from a “white-tile” university, one of the newer and least prestigious universities in Great Britain, so his education, as good as it ended up being, doesn’t mean much to the British Establishment. He also feels alienated from his wife, Alison, whose father is a colonel and whose brother is now a member of Parliament. He regularly berates Alison, characterizing himself as the only thinking person in the household. He has even given her a nickname: Lady Pusillanimous. This nickname emphasizes both Jimmy’s intelligence (via his vocabulary) and Alison’s timid nature. It also suggests that at least part of Jimmy’s alienation stems from his behavior, not his socioeconomic status, and that he might have an easier time connecting with people if he treated them with respect. In other words Jimmy Porter spoke for a large segment of the British population in 1956 when he ranted about his alienation from a society in which he was denied any meaningful role. He wants to force her to feel and to have vital life. He calls her “Lady Pusillanimous” because he sees her as too cowardly to commit to anything Jimmy is anxious to give a great deal and is deeply angry because no one seems interested enough to take from him, including his wife. He says, “My heart is so full, I feel ill and she wants peace!”





Literature 🇳🇬🇳🇬🇳🇬

*section A*

In the book Second Class Citizen, Emecheta Buchi uses gender and sexuality to express the many ways in which society treated women and the obstacles that they had to overcome. Buchi uses this book and the many issues discussed throughout the book as a tool in the argument of gender and sexuality as a social construct; however, the ways of the world and the views of society do not see how the way women were treated back then as anything but normal. Adah, the main character of the book is a child who wants a Western education but is denied the opportunity to get one because the mere fact that she is a girl and the privilege of school goes to the boys of the family even though she is the one that wants the education. The theme that is openly used throughout the book is one of vehement animosity of gender discrimination that is often found in the culture of Adah’s people. Buchi portrays the way that African women are discriminated and victimized by the men and older women in their lives.
Emecheta’s novel, Second Class Citizen, opens up with Adah already being discriminated against by her family and the readers know this because in the opening paragraphs Adah is states that, “She was a girl who arrived when everyone was expecting and predicting a boy, so since she was such a disappointment to her tribe, nobody thought of recording her birth she was so insignificant”

Adah’s growth in confidence and determination in pursuit of dreams all begun like a dream which originated from nowhere, yet one was always aware of its existence. This according to the novel later became a ‘presence’.
At the time of her birth, Adah’s birth is not all that welcomed because people are predicting a boy, but it turned out to be a girl. Probably at the age of eight, Adah can point out that her parents should have given birth to her because they don’t want her to pursue her dream because she is a female child.
The ibo some then believe that a female child only needs to attend school for two years at most so that she will be able to read or write. Hence, Adah’s younger brother Boy started school at the posh Ladi-Lak Institute ahead of her . Hence, Adah would stand at the gate of the school to watch other pupil march pass out of jealousy.
Adah knows quite well that her mother (Ma) is the chief course of her not going to school. Never the less an opportunity sprang up one after as her mother was engrossed in the conversation she was having with one of her innumerable friends. Ada who has helped her mother out with the domestic chores sneaked out and headed for the methodist school.

The text, Invisible Man depicts the charismatic & domineering personality of a nameless narrator dated back to the twentieth centuries in the united states where his reality is surreal & he can only survived through pretense
In the text, Mary is a motherly figure for the narrator, a caring mother who provide food & shelter for the narrator in times of need even the narrator feels indebted to Mary despite finding her bothersome from time to time
In the text, Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man uses Mary to convey his literary taxonomy through his beautifully penned illustrations as Mary serves as one friend who the narrator entrusted his confidence in. She is a break from society as she allows him to rest and gather his strength until he can get back up on his own feet. She is like a mother to him
Invisible Man depicts Mary as a kind & motherly woman who sees plenty of potentials for the narrator to contribute to racial progress, and her flaw is that she talks to much according to the narrator. She takes the narrator in after his disastrous stint as a lab experiment and never ask questions about rent.
Mary however can be seen as an illuminator to the narrator in the story. She also has high ideals telling the narrator that whatever he does, should be a “credit to the race”
What Ralph Ellison’s texts is trying to convey to the read is that Mary represents both mother and spiritual guide for the narrator. Here, she prepares the narrator for his entry into the segregated society, a society that sees a man being invisible becos of his personality: his essence in same society and the need to reclaim his invisibility back then in the united states
In the story, Mary portrays the character of a strong woman and independent who feels the narrator needs to do something to discover his innate abilities & identity in that societal decadence.
In the final analysis, one can inferred that Mary is a survivor who represents the courage and dignity of the black woman. Although she is not based on any specific historical character, she is a woman in the tradition of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, or Mary McCloud Bethune.

Setting can be defined as the physical or social environment within the character in a work of prose operate. Setting is also the location and time frame in which the action of a narrative takes place. The setting is the backbone for a novel it sets the tone and gives the reader a mental image of the time and places the story takes place. The Wuthering Heights Estate in Emily Bronte’s novel “Wuthering Heights” is one of the most important settings in the story.
The spatial setting of the story straddles three important places, namely Wuthering Heights, Thrushcross Grange and the moors in between. Each of these places is important for different reasons. The two families the story centres around live in these houses, and the houses are symbolic in different ways. Wuthering Heights, as the word wuthering suggests, represents a world that is withered of humanity, a world of darkness in the figurative sense; while the Grange directly suggests a land being farmed, with its implication of fecundity. The Heights does not only experience wild wind and cold weather, its inhabitants are also people with a wild streak, generally cold and crude. Like a typical gothic setting, Wuthering Heights, from the beginning of the novel, is presented as a dark and ominous building. ancient and isolated, all of which foreshadow the gloomy atmosphere that dominates the novel, especially the events that take place there.

On the other hand, the Grange is peopled by a refined gentleman, a gentlewoman and their waited-on-children. The house is well furnished, the weather there more clement, and almost everything about the house in an ideal state. It is also closer to town and its inhabitants are more conscious of social manners as well as morals. The moors separating the two houses signify barrenness, wildness, coldness, and wilderness where people get lost easily; yet, it is a place of attraction to wild spirits such as those of Heathcliff and Catherine. In temporal terms, the story is set in the late 18th century England. Although the period preceding this time was already characterized by class stratification in England, social mobility through marriage gained currency in the 18th century following the emergence of the middle class that came to bridge the gulf between the aristocracy and the working class.


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