Home EXAMS WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba | Download WAEC Syllabus PDF For Free

WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba | Download WAEC Syllabus PDF For Free


WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba | www.waeconline.org.ng.

WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba: Below is the list of WAEC Yoruba Syllabus, this syllabus helps student for area of study in preparation for upcoming exams, www.waeconline.org.ng.

WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba
WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba

WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba

The management of the West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) has published its syllabus which consist of the Subject, Topics, Note, and Recommended Textbooks for exams preparation, below is the Waec Yoruba syllabus for 2023/2024.

See Also: WAEC English Literature syllabus


The syllabus is designed to:

(a) enable candidates speak, read and write competently in Yoruba and communicate effectively with other speakers of the language;

(b) familiarize candidates with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of Yoruba Language;

(c) acquaint candidates with the necessary tools needed for a thorough appreciation of Yoruba speech usage, literature and ulture (customs and institutions)


The examination will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2. It will test the following aspects of Yoruba Language: comprehension, composition, sound system, grammar and translation.

It will also test selected texts of oral and written literature as well as Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation, Customs and Institutions.

The rubrics shall be written in Yoruba.

PAPER 1 shall contain 60 multiple-choice objective questions on Language, Literature and Culture.

The paper shall have three sections, Section A, B and C. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 60 marks. The questions shall be distributed as follows:

Section A

LANGUAGE Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items Composition – 4 items

Sound System – 6 items Grammar – 6 items Translation – 4 items – 30 items

Section B

LITERATURE Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation – 4 items Oral Literature – Prose – 3 – Poetry – 3 – 9 items – Drama – 3

Written Literature – Prose – 3 – Poetry – 3 – 9 items – Drama – 3 22 items

Section C


Customs – 4 items Institutions – 4 items 8 items

Total = (30 + 22 + 8) = 60 items


The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2

In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper 2.


Shall be essay type questions on language, literature and culture. It will also have three sections, Sections A, B and C, have 2 hour duration and carry 100 marks.

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all: three questions from Section A; two questions from Section B and one question from Section C.

They will also be required to answer all the questions in Yoruba using the official Yoruba orthography and metalanguage.




Candidates are advised to write 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The essay will be any of the following types:

(i) Narrative (ii) Descriptive (iii) Argumentative (iv) Expository (v) Dialogue (vi) Debate (vii) Letter writing

Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two to be set.

Areas to cover include:

(i) Vowels, Consonants and Syllabic nasal

(a) their production in terms of place and manner

(b) their basic phonetic and phonemic classification

(ii) Syllable structure (iii) Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony assimilation elision (iv) Sound system aspect of the orthography (v) Tones and tone notation


Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions to be made available.

Areas to cover are

i. Word structure and word formation

ii. Numerals: basic and derived

iii. Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc

iv. Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person, tense, aspect, mood, etc.

v. Phrases and clauses

vi. The structure and type of sentences.

SECTION B: Literature

This section is made up of Oral Literature and Written Literature.

Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. 1 question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any 1 of the 3 questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions

SECTION C: Culture

This section will consist of questions on customs and institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer any one of them.

Areas to cover will include:


(i) Make-up and adornments

(ii) In-door and out-door games

(iii) Pregnancy and its care

(iv) Naming

(v) Home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc.

(vi) Yoruba foods

(vii) Non-verbal communication

(viii) Funerals: traditional and modern methods

(ix) Inheritance: traditional and modern methods.


(i) Traditional occupations

(ii) Marriage

(iii) Politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc.

(iv) Child care

(v) Ancestors

(vi) Yoruba beliefs about Olodumare (God), deities/divinities, other invisible forces, etc.

(vii) Modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc.

(viii) Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.

NB: To enhance the teaching of this language, it is recommended that schools provide audiovisual materials such as television sets, radios, tape-recorders and tapes, cameras, charts and artifacts.


1. Abiodun, Jibola: (1996) Aroko Ati Aayan, Ogbufo. Majab (Ilorin)

2. Owolabi, K: (1989) Ijinle Itupale Ede Yoruba Extension Publications (Ibadan

3. Bamgbose, A: (1991) Fonoloji Ati Girama Yoruba. University Press (Ibadan)




1. Ojo, Olagoke: (2005) Ijapa Tiroko Oko Yannibo Longman (Lagos)


2. Abimbola, Wande: (2004) Awon Oju Odu University Press Mereerindinlogun (Ibadan) (ppi-xxxi; 52 – 96)


3. Ogunniran, L: (2007) Eegun Alare Macmillan (Lagos



4. Eso-Oluborod, Sunday: Olorunsogo Sumob Publishers (1994) (Osogbo)


5. Olayiwola, Ademola: Akowe ko wura Extension Publications (2007) (Ibadan) DRAMA


6. Awe, Debo: (2004) Apoti Alakara Elyon Pulibshers (Ilesa)


1. Adeoye, C.L.: (1979) Asa Ati Ise Yoruba University Press (Ibadan)

2. Olajubu, O. (1978) Iwe Asa Ibile Yoruba Longman (Lagos)



Bamgbose (ed): (1983) Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vol. 1 YSAN/NERDC Awobuluyi (ed): (1990) Iwe Ede Iperi Yoruba Vo. ll UPL/NERDC Egbe Akomolede ati Asa Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni SSI – III Macmillan Yoruba, Naijiria: (1988) Ajayi W.B.: (1989) Egberun Ibeere Ewonidahun Hienemann Mustapha D-et al: (1983) Osupa Ede Yoruba I-III Nelson “ “ (1987) Iwe Eko Ede Yoruba Titun I-III UPL Owolabi, O. et al: (1984) Ijinle Ede ati Litireso Yoruba Evans Babalola, A. et al: (1988) Iwe Imodotun Yoruba I-III Longman Awoyale, Y. et al: (1984) Eko Ede Yoruba Ode Oni JSI-III Macmillan Egbe Akomolede ati Yoruba Gbode Macmillan AsaYoruba, Naijiria: (1986) Odujinrin,

J.S.A.: Modern Lesson in Yoruba Part I-III Odujinrin Publishers Awobuluyi, O. (1978) Essentials of Yoruba Grammar UPL Bamgbose, A. (1967) A short Yoruba Grammar Heinemann Akinlade, Kola: (1987) Owe Pelu Itumo Longman Fabunmi, M.A.(1969) Yoruba Idioms. AUP Delano, I.O. Owe Lesin Oro UPL Koseemanii, Supo: (1987) Owe ati Asayan Oro Yoruba Vantage Olopade, A: (1991) Asayan Akanlo – Ede Yoruba Gbemi Sodipo Press Adewoyin, S.Y. (2006) Imo Ede, Asa ati Corpomutt Publishers Litireso Yoruba 1-III


Alaba and Ogunsipe: (1982) Iwe Afinimona Lori Awon Nelson

Iwe Fagunwa Ogunsina, Bisi: (1981) Iwe Akoyawo Alaye lori O le ku UPL Egbe Akomolede ati Asa Ewi Yoruba Lakotun 1-III Evans Yoruba, Naijiria: (2007)


Ladele, T.A.A. et al (1986) Akojopo Ijinle Asa Yoruba Macmillan Adeoye, C.L.: (1985) Igbagbo ati Esin Yoruba Evans Opadotun, O.: (1966) Aroko Vantage Adeniji, A.A.: (1987) Ogun ni ile Yoruba Longman Adeoye, C.L.: (1982) Oruko Yoruba UPL.

3. Daramola, A. ati Jeje. Asa Ati Orisa Onibon-Oje (Ibadan)


If you have any questions concerning WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba, please feel free to use the comment box below and ask us your question. We will be very pleased to answer you.

You can share this information, to your family and friends, as it will be helpful to someone. Please share it on Twitter, Facebook, G+, Whatsapp or Email it to friends. Use the buttons below to do this.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here